Skip to main content

Elementary Science

The goal of all WCPS science instruction is to develop scientifically literate students.  By the end of the 12th grade, all WCPS students should have sufficient knowledge of science and engineering to engage in informed public discussion on science-related issues, in order to be critical consumers of scientific information related to their everyday lives, and to continue to learn about science throughout their lives.  Our students should recognize that our current scientific understanding of the natural world is the result of hundreds of years of creative human endeavor, and that our understanding will continue to evolve as new knowledge is discovered.

All Pre-K through grade 3 instruction is planned from the Next Generation Science Standards.  Grades 4 and 5 instruction is planned from the Maryland State Curriculum for Science.  Grades 4 and 5 instruction will transition to the Next Generation Science Standards during the 2016-2017 school year.


Prekindergarten and Kindergarten

  • Basic needs of plants and animals in ecosystems
  • Interaction of animals and plants in their environments
  • Weather and climate
  • Forces and their interactions

Grade 1

  • Structures, functions, and information processing of living things
  • Growth, development and response of living things
  • Patterns and cycles of space systems
  • Composition, effects, and movement of light and sound

Grade 2

  • Interdependent relationships in ecosystems
  • Patterns of land and water on Earth
  • Forces that change Earth’s surface
  • Structures and properties of matter

Grade 3

  • Effects of changes in an ecosystem on the interdependent relationships of living things in the past, present and in the future
  • Growth, development and interactions of organisms in an environment
  • Weather, climate and the impact of weather related hazards

 Grade 4

  • Grouping of living things by features and habitats; the interactions of living things and the effect of learned versus inherited traits
  • Effects of weathering and erosion and the meaning of fossils on Earth
  • Characteristics and effects of electricity and magnetism and the transfer of heat energy

Grade 5

  • Features of single and multicellular organisms that affect their survival in their environment
  • Earth changes from nature processes and human decisions
  • Characteristics, effects and interactions of forces, motion, energy and light
  • Chemical and physical changes in matter and their interactions